About Ammonium Chloride : Properties & Uses
Also called sal ammoniac, it is an inorganic compound that is a product from the reaction of Hydrochloric Acid and Ammonia. It vaporizes without melting at 340 C (644 F) to form equal volumes of ammonia and Hydrogen chloride.

It is yielded as a by-product in the Ammonia-soda process for making Sodium Carbonate. It also is produced by reaction of Ammonium Sulphate and sodium chloride solutions.

It should be handled with care. Avoid inhalation and ingestion and ensure that Ammonia Chloride does not comes in contact with your eyes, on skin, or falls on clothing. Wash thoroughly after handling.

Store it in a quality container in a cool,dry place and well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store below 40C and keep container tightly closed.

  • Appearance                : White Crystalline Powder
  • Molecular Formula        : NH4Cl
  • Molecular Weight         : 53.49
  • Solubility                    : Highly soluble in water
  • Odor                         : Odorless
  • As an electrolyte in dry cells.

  • As a constituent of galvanizing, tinning, and soldering fluxes.

  • As an ingredient to remove oxide coatings from metals and thereby improve the adhesion of the solders.

  • As a component of many proprietary cold medicines and cough remedies

  • As a flux agent for coating sheet iron with zinc, agents for tinning, food additives, therapeutic drugs etc.

  • As a feed additive to prevent the formation of calculi for cattle and as a Nutritive media for yeast.

  • As an ingredient in textile printing, in plywood glue, in solder as flux or in cleaning the tip of a soldering iron and in cleaning products.

  • As a flux in tin coating and galvanizing, in fertilizers, in dying and tanning and in safety explosions.

  • As a source of energy in Biological Applications for microbiological growth of organisms.

  • To diagnose distal renal tubular acidosis through an oral acid loading test.
Ammonium Chloride Manufacturers
Ammonium Chloride Manufacturers, Vishnupriya Chemicals is a major manufacturer of high purity, multi-application , that is used as an ingredient in flux manufacturing, water treatment, plating, personal care products, fertilizers and various other chemical applications.

Ammonium Chloride Suppliers
A leading Ammonium Chloride Suppliers Vishnupriya Chemicals supplies high quality in different packaging options at economical prices. 

Ammonium Chloride Traders

Vishnuypriya Chemicals, a prominent Ammonium Chloride Traders offers highly appreciated for its purity, high effectiveness, precise pH value and longer shelf life. 
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Material Safety Data Sheet

Ammonium Chloride

Section 1: Chemical Product and Company Identification


Chemical Name: Ammonium Chloride


CAS#: 12125-02-9

RTECS: BP4550000

TSCA: TSCA 8(b) inventory: Ammonium chloride

CI#: Not applicable.

Synonym: Ammonium Chloratum; Ammonium Chloridum;

Ammonium Muriate; Sal Ammonia; Salmiac

Chemical Formula: NH4Cl



Contact Information:


Vishnupriya Chemicals Pvt. Ltd.


Office No. 7, Meridian apartments

Lake Hills Road, New MLA Quarters

Basheerbagh, Hyderabad 63,  A.P

Tel :  040 - 23225550

Fax : 040 23223177

Email :

Website :


Section 2: Composition and Information on Ingredients






% by Weight

Ammonium chloride




Toxicological Data on Ingredients: Ammonium chloride: ORAL (LD50): Acute: 1650 mg/kg [Rat.]. 1300 mg/kg [Mouse].


Section 3: Hazards Identification


Potential Acute Health Effects:

Hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant). Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, sensitizer), of ingestion, of inhalation.


Potential Chronic Health Effects:





Repeated or prolonged exposure is not known to aggravate medical condition.


Section 4: First Aid Measures


Eye Contact:

Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Cold water may be used. Get medical attention.


Skin Contact:

In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Cold water may be used. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention.


Serious Skin Contact:

Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-bacterial cream. Seek immediate medical attention.



If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention.


Serious Inhalation: Not available.



Do NOT induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. If large quantities of this material are swallowed, call a physician immediately. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband.


Serious Ingestion: Not available.


Section 5: Fire and Explosion Data


Flammability of the Product: Non-flammable.


Auto-Ignition Temperature: Not applicable.


Flash Points: Not applicable.


Flammable Limits: Not applicable.


Products of Combustion: Not available.


Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: Not applicable.


Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:

Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available.

Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not available.


Fire Fighting Media and Instructions: Not applicable.


Special Remarks on Fire Hazards:

Reaction between Ammonium Chloride and Bromine pentafluoride at ambient or slightly elevated temperature is violent, and ignition often occurs.


Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards: Explosive reaction between bromine trifluoride and ammonium halides.


Section 6: Accidental Release Measures


Small Spill:

Use appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container. Finish cleaning by spreading water on the contaminated surface and dispose of according to local and regional authority requirements.


Large Spill:

Use a shovel to put the material into a convenient waste disposal container. Be careful that the product is not present at a concentration level above TLV. Check TLV on the MSDS and with local authorities.


Section 7: Handling and Storage



Do not ingest. Do not breathe dust. Wear suitable protective clothing. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents, acids, alkalis.


Storage: Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area.


Section 8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection


Engineering Controls:

Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to keep airborne levels below recommended exposure limits. If user operations generate dust, fume or mist, use ventilation to keep exposure to airborne contaminants below the exposure limit.


Personal Protection:

Splash goggles. Lab coat. Dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent.



Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill:

Splash goggles. Full suit. Dust respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self contained breathing apparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product.


Exposure Limits:

TWA: 10 STEL: 20 (mg/m3) from ACGIH (TLV) [United States] Inhalation

TWA: 10 STEL: 20 (mg/m3) [United Kingdom (UK)] Inhalation

TWA: 10 STEL: 20 (mg/m3) from NIOSH [United States] Inhalation

TWA: 10 STEL: 20 (mg/m3) from OSHA (PEL) [United States] Consult local authorities for acceptable exposure limits.


Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties


Physical state and appearance: Solid. (Solid crystalline powder.)


Odor: Odorless. (Slight.)


Taste: Cooling, Saline.


Molecular Weight: 53.49 g/mole


Color: White.


pH (1% soln/water): 5.5 [Acidic.]


Boiling Point: 520C (968F)


Melting Point: Decomposition temperature: 338C (640.4F)


Critical Temperature: Not available.


Specific Gravity: 1.53 (Water = 1)


Vapor Pressure: Not applicable.


Vapor Density: Not available.


Volatility: Not available.


Odor Threshold: Not available.


Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.: Not available.


Ionicity (in Water): Not available.


Dispersion Properties: See solubility in water, methanol.



Soluble in cold water, hot water, methanol.

Insoluble in diethyl ether, acetone.

Almost insoluble in ethyl acetate.

Very slightly soluble in Ethanol; Solubility in Ethanol: 0.6 g/100 ml water at 19 deg. C.

Solubility in Water:

29.7 g/100ml water at O deg. C

75.8 g/100 ml water at 100 deg. C

37.8 lbs./100 lbs. water at 70 deg. F

28.3% (w/w) in water at 25 deg. C

Soluble in liquid ammonia.


Section 10: Stability and Reactivity Data


Stability: The product is stable.


Instability Temperature: Not available.


Conditions of Instability: Incompatible materials, moisture.


Incompatibility with various substances: Reactive with oxidizing agents, acids, alkalis.



Extremely corrosive in presence of copper.

Corrosive in presence of steel, of stainless steel(304).

Slightly corrosive in presence of aluminum, of stainless steel(316).


Special Remarks on Reactivity:

Incompatible with lead and silver salts.

It can react violently with ammonium nitrate and potassium chlorate.

Also incompatible with bromine trifluoride, ammonium halides, bromine pentafluoride, alkalis and their carbonates.

At fire temperature, ammonium chloride may dissociate into ammonia and hydrogen chloride.

Hygroscopic; keep container tightly closed.


Special Remarks on Corrosivity: Severe corrosive effect on brass and bronze.


Polymerization: Will not occur.


Section 11: Toxicological Information


Routes of Entry: Inhalation. Ingestion.


Toxicity to Animals: Acute oral toxicity (LD50): 1300 mg/kg [Mouse].


Chronic Effects on Humans: Not available.


Other Toxic Effects on Humans: Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, sensitizer), of ingestion, of inhalation.


Special Remarks on Toxicity to Animals:

Lowest Published Lethal Dose:

LDL [Human Infant] - Route: Oral; Dose: 2000 mg/kg


Special Remarks on Chronic Effects on Humans: May affect genetic material (mutagenic) Animal: passes through the

placental barrier.


Special Remarks on other Toxic Effects on Humans:

Acute Potential Health Effects:

Skin: It can cause skin irritation which is usually mild.

Eyes: Causes moderate eye irritation. It may cause Salt Cataract, increased ocular pressure, and degeneration of the retina

Inhalation: It can cause respiratory tract and mucous membrane irritation which is usually mild.

Ingestion: May be harmful if swallowed. May cause digestive tract irritation with nausea and vomiting, and thirst.

May affect behavior/central nervous system (headache, somnolence, confusion, drowsiness, tremor, convulsions,

coma), eyes (Mydriasis), cardiovascular system (bradycardia), respiration (respiratory stimulation, apnea,

hyperventilation, pulmonary edema). May cause serious metabolic acidosis with h y p o k a l e m i a . T r a n s i e n t

hyperglycemia and glycosuria may also occur.

Chronic Potential Health Effects:

Skin: Prologned or repeated contact may cause dermatitis, an allergic reaction.

Inhalation: Prolonged or repeated inhalation may affect the kidneys.

Ingestion: Prolonged or repeated ingestion may affect metabolism (anorexia, metabolic acidosis) and urinary

system (enlargement of kidneys).

Inhalation: Prolonged or repeated inhalation may cause bronchospasm (asthma)


Section 12: Ecological Information


Ecotoxicity: Not available.


BOD5 and COD: Not available.


Products of Biodegradation:

Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely. However, long term degradation products may arise.


Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation: The products of degradation are less toxic than the product itself.


Special Remarks on the Products of Biodegradation: Not available.


Section 13: Disposal Considerations


Waste Disposal:

Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental control regulations.



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