Potassium Chloride

Synonyms: Potassium monochloride



Molecular Formula


Molecular Weight



White Crystalline Powder





98% MIN

*Also available Pure, Pharma passing, LR, AR and ACS Grade

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Material Safety Data Sheet

Potassium Chloride


Section 1: Chemical Product and Company Identification


Chemical Name: Potassium Chloride


CAS#: 7447-40-7

RTECS: TS8050000

TSCA: TSCA 8(b) inventory: Potassium chloride

CI#: Not available.


Chemical Formula: KCl



Contact Information:


Vishnupriya Chemicals Pvt. Ltd.


Office No. 7, Meridian apartments

Lake Hills Road, New MLA Quarters

Basheerbagh, Hyderabad 63,  A.P

Tel :  040 - 23225550

Fax : 040 23223177

Email :

Website :


Section 2: Composition and Information on Ingredients






% by Weight

Potassium chloride




Toxicological Data on Ingredients:  Potassium chloride: ORAL (LD50): Acute: 2500 mg/kg [Guinea pig]. 2600 mg/kg [Rat]. 1500 mg/kg [Mouse].


Section 3: Hazards Identification


Potential Acute Health Effects: Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation.


Potential Chronic Health Effects:


MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells. Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast.



The substance may be toxic to blood, cardiovascular system.

Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage.


Section 4: First Aid Measures


Eye Contact:

Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Cold water may be used. Get medical attention.


Skin Contact:

Wash with soap and water. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Get medical attention if irritation develops.

Cold water may be used.


Serious Skin Contact: Not available.



If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention.


Serious Inhalation: Not available.



Do NOT induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. Get medical attention if  symptoms appear.


Serious Ingestion: Not available.


Section 5: Fire and Explosion Data


Flammability of the Product: Non-flammable.


Auto-Ignition Temperature: Not applicable.


Flash Points: Not applicable.


Flammable Limits: Not applicable.


Products of Combustion: Not available.


Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: Not applicable.


Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:

Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available.

Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not available.

Slightly explosive in presence of oxidizing materials.


Fire Fighting Media and Instructions: Not applicable.


Special Remarks on Fire Hazards: Not available.


Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards: May result in explosion with potassium permanganate and sulfuric acid.


Section 6: Accidental Release Measures


Small Spill:

Use appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container. Finish cleaning by spreading water on the contaminated surface and dispose of according to local and regional authority requirements.


Large Spill:

Use a shovel to put the material into a convenient waste disposal container. Finish cleaning by spreading water on the contaminated surface and allow to evacuate through the sanitary system.


Section 7: Handling and Storage



Do not ingest. Do not breathe dust. If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label. Keep away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents, acids, moisture.


Storage: Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area. Hygroscopic


Section 8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection


Engineering Controls:

Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to keep airborne levels below recommended exposure limits. If user operations generate dust, fume or mist, use ventilation to keep exposure to airborne contaminants below the exposure limit.


Personal Protection: Safety glasses. Lab coat. Dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent.  Gloves.


Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill:

Splash goggles. Full suit. Dust respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self contained breathing apparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product.


Exposure Limits: Not available.


Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties


Physical state and appearance: Solid.


Odor: Odorless.


Taste: Saline. (Strong.)


Molecular Weight: 74.55 g/mole


Color: White.


pH (1% soln/water): Not available.


Boiling Point: 1420C (2588F)


Melting Point: 770C (1418F)


Critical Temperature: Not available.


Specific Gravity: 1.987 (Water = 1)


Vapor Pressure: Not applicable.


Vapor Density: Not available.


Volatility: Not available.


Odor Threshold: Not available.


Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.: Not available.


Ionicity (in Water): Not available.


Dispersion Properties: See solubility in water.



Soluble in cold water, hot water.

Very slightly soluble in methanol, n-octanol.


Section 10: Stability and Reactivity Data


Stability: The product is stable.


Instability Temperature: Not available.


Conditions of Instability: Incompatible materials


Incompatibility with various substances: Reactive with oxidizing agents, acids.


Corrosivity: Non-corrosive in presence of glass.


Special Remarks on Reactivity:


Incompatible with KMnO4, H2SO4, BrF3, and BrCl3. May react violently with BrF3.


Special Remarks on Corrosivity: Not available.


Polymerization: Will not occur.


Section 11: Toxicological Information


Routes of Entry: Inhalation. Ingestion.


Toxicity to Animals: Acute oral toxicity (LD50): 1500 mg/kg [Mouse].


Chronic Effects on Humans: May cause damage to the following organs: blood, cardiovascular system.


Other Toxic Effects on Humans: Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation.


Special Remarks on Toxicity to Animals: Not available.


Special Remarks on Chronic Effects on Humans:

May affect genetic material.

Passes through the placental barrier in animal.


Special Remarks on other Toxic Effects on Humans:

Actuate Potential Health Effects:

Skin: May cause skin irritation

Eye: Dust may cause eye irritation.

Inhalation: Dust may cause respiratory tract irritation. Low hazard for usual industrial handling

Ingestion: May affect behavior (coma, change in motor activity, listlessness, vertigo, mental confusion, paresthesias, general weakness, flaccid paralysis), metabolism, blood (change in clotting factor, electrolytic imbalance), cardiovascular (hypotension, circulatory disturbances, cardiac arrhythmias, heart block), and respiratory, gastrointestinal (irritation of GI tract, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, purging), and urinary(impairment of renal function) systems. Acute potassium intoxication by mouth is rare because large single doses usually induce vomiting, and because in the absence of pre-existing kidney damage potassium is rapidly     excreted. Maximal nontoxic oral dose of KCl in man varies from 0.2g to 1 g of potassium/kg/day depending upon efficiency of individual excretory mechanism; lower doses sometimes cause impairment of renal function as shown by reduced inulin, and urea clearance.

Chronic Potential Health Effects: May affect blood and cardiovascular system.


Section 12: Ecological Information


Ecotoxicity: Not available.


BOD5 and COD: Not available.


Products of Biodegradation:

Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely. However, long term degradation products may arise.


Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation: The product itself and its products of degradation are not toxic.


Special Remarks on the Products of Biodegradation: Not available.


Section 13: Disposal Considerations


Waste Disposal:

Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental control regulations.





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