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ZINC CHLORIDE
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About Zinc Chloride: Properties & Uses
A white crystalline solid, Zinc Chloride is used chiefly as a wood preservative, as a disinfectant and antiseptic. It finds wide application in Textile processing, Metallurgical Fluxes and chemical synthesis.  

It is very hygroscopic. As such it must be kept in air-tight container, in a cool dry place while ensuring that there is good ventilation around. When handling the chemical, its important that one wears rubber gloves and safety goggles.

It corrosive to metals and therefore irritating to the skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. In case of accidental ingestion, large quantities of milk or water should be taken instantly while also seeking out medical advice. In case of contact with skins apply baking soda to neutralize the acidic effects. When contact with eyes, splash with plenty of water and seek medical attention.

It is the name of chemical compound with the formula ZnCl2.xNH4Cl and its hydrates. Hygroscopic and even deliquescent in nature, it is also regarded as a water-soluble poisonous solid used mainly as a wood preservative, a disinfectant, pharmaceutical catalyst and anti-septic.

whose nine crystalline forms are known, is colorless or white, and highly soluble in water. Reacting with Bases, it makes Zinc Hydroxide and forms acidic solutions in water and in polar organic solvents such as ethanol, acetone and ether.

Zinc Chloride Neutral solutions can be prepared with anhydrous and acetone. Samples should therefore be protected from sources of moisture, including the water vapor present in ambient air. It finds wide application in textile processing, metallurgical fluxes, and chemical synthesis.  

Properties
  • Appearance             : White
  • Molecular Formula     : ZnCl2
  • Molecular Weight      : 136.286
  • Solubility                 : Soluble in Water
Uses
  • As a compound in water treatment chemicals.
  • As an additive in Textile Industry for dressing and finishing preparations.
  • As a pigment for zinc chromate.
  • As an ingredient in the manufacture of vulcanized fiber, parchment paper, and soldering fluxes.
  • As fluxes on copper alloys and, with hydrochloric acid added, for stainless steels.
  • As a mordant in printing and dyeing textiles and in the vulcanizing processes of fiber and rubber.
  • As an electrolyte in dry cell batteries, and in metal industry, in galvanizing iron and as an electrolyte for electroplating.
  • As a standard saturated solution used for calibration of the electro-hygrometer in oil industry.
  • As an antiseptic ingredient in treating ulcers and pododermatitis.
  • In the Rubber Industry, used in the accelerators involved in the vulcanizing process of rubber.
  • In the Paints Industry for the production of lithopone.
  • In the preservation of glue, and for the impregnation of timber.        
  • In preserving anatomical specimens, wood preservatives, deodorant, disinfecting and embalming materials.
Zinc Chloride Manufacturers
Vishnupriya Chemicals Zinc Chloride manufactures of the highest quality. It can be produced in its solid anhydrous form or also in liquid form. In addition, it can also be shipped in different ways according to the need of the occasion.

Zinc Chloride Suppliers
A well-known Zinc Chloride suppliers, Vishnupriya Chemicals supplies high quality at a competitive price, serving key industrial and consumer marketplaces.

Zinc Chloride Traders
Leading Zinc Chloride Traders, Vishnupriya Chemicals offers 100% pure of the highest quality that are used in many industries and applications.
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Material Safety Data Sheet

Zinc Chloride

 

Section 1: Chemical Product and Company Identification

 

Chemical Name: Zinc Chloride

 

CAS#: 7646-85-7

RTECS: ZH1400000

TSCA: TSCA 8(b) inventory: Zinc chloride

CI#: Not available.

Synonym:

Chemical Formula: ZnCl2

 

Contact Information:

 

Vishnupriya Chemicals Pvt. Ltd.

 

Office No. 7, Meridian apartments

Lake Hills Road, New MLA Quarters

Basheerbagh, Hyderabad 63,  A.P

Tel :  040 - 23225550

Fax : 040 23223177

Email : info@vishnupriya.in

Website : www.vishnupriya.in

 

Section 2: Composition and Information on Ingredients

 

Composition:

 

Name

CAS #

% by Weight

Zinc Chloride

7646-85-7

100

 

Toxicological Data on Ingredients:  Zinc chloride: ORAL (LD50): Acute: 350 mg/kg [Rat]. 329 mg/kg [Mouse].

 

Section 3: Hazards Identification

 

Potential Acute Health Effects:

Very hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, permeator), of eye contact (corrosive). The amount of tissue damage depends on length of contact. Eye contact can result in corneal damage or blindness. Skin contact can produce inflammation and blistering. Inhalation of dust will produce irritation to gastro-intestinal or respiratory tract, characterized by burning, sneezing and coughing. Severe over-exposure can produce lung damage, choking, unconsciousness or death. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering.

 

Potential Chronic Health Effects:

CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.

MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Classified POSSIBLE for human. Mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells. Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast.

TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.

DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available.

The substance may be toxic to kidneys, pancreas.

Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated exposure of the eyes to a low level of dust can produce eye irritation. Repeated skin exposure can produce local skin destruction, or dermatitis. Repeated inhalation of dust can produce varying degree of respiratory irritation or lung damage.

 

Section 4: First Aid Measures

 

Eye Contact:

Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Cold water may be used. Get medical attention immediately.

 

Skin Contact:

In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Cold water may be used.Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention immediately.

 

Serious Skin Contact:

Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-bacterial cream. Seek immediate medical attention.

 

Inhalation:

If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention.

 

Serious Inhalation:

Evacuate the victim to a safe area as soon as possible. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. WARNING: It may be hazardous to the person providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation when the inhaled material is toxic, infectious or corrosive. Seek immediate medical attention.

 

Ingestion:

Do NOT induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. If large quantities of this material are swallowed, call a physician immediately. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband.

 

Serious Ingestion: Not available.

 

Section 5: Fire and Explosion Data

 

Flammability of the Product: Non-flammable.

 

Auto-Ignition Temperature: Not applicable.

 

Flash Points: Not applicable.

 

Flammable Limits: Not applicable.

 

Products of Combustion: When heated to decomposition, it emits toxic fumes of Hydrochloric Acid, and Zinc Oxide.

 

Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: Not applicable.

 

Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:

Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available.

Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not available.

 

Fire Fighting Media and Instructions: Not applicable.

 

Special Remarks on Fire Hazards: Not available.

 

Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards: A mixture of potassium and zinc chloride produces a strong explosion on impact.

 

Section 6: Accidental Release Measures

 

Small Spill: Use appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container.

 

Large Spill:

Corrosive solid.

Stop leak if without risk. Do not get water inside container. Do not touch spilled material. Use water spray to reduce vapors. Prevent entry into sewers, basements or confined areas; dike if needed. Call for assistance on disposal. Be careful that the product is not present at a concentration level above TLV. Check TLV on the MSDS and with local authorities.

 

Section 7: Handling and Storage

 

Precautions:

Keep locked up.. Keep container dry. Do not ingest. Do not breathe dust. Never add water to this product. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents, metals.

 

Storage:

Deliquescent. Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area. Do not store above 25C (77F).

 

Section 8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

 

Engineering Controls:

Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to keep airborne levels below recommended exposure limits. If user operations generate dust, fume or mist, use ventilation to keep exposure to airborne contaminants below the exposure limit.

 

Personal Protection:

Splash goggles. Synthetic apron. Vapor and dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent. Gloves.

 

Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill:

Splash goggles. Full suit. Vapor and dust respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self contained breathing apparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product.

 

Exposure Limits:

TWA: 1 STEL: 2 (mg/m3) [United Kingdom (UK)]

TWA: 1 STEL: 2 (mg/m3) from ACGIH (TLV) [United States]

TWA: 1 STEL: 2 (mg/m3) from OSHA (PEL) [United States]Consult local authorities for acceptable exposure limits.

 

Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties

 

Physical state and appearance: Solid. (Deliquescent solid.)

 

Odor: Odorless.

 

Taste: Not available.

 

Molecular Weight: 136.29 g/mole

 

Color: White.

 

pH (1% soln/water): Not available.

 

Boiling Point: 732C (1349.6F)

 

Melting Point: 290C (554F)

 

Critical Temperature: Not available.

 

Specific Gravity: 2.907 (Water = 1)

 

Vapor Pressure: Not applicable.

 

Vapor Density: 4.7 (Air = 1)

 

Volatility: Not available.

 

Odor Threshold: Not available.

 

Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.: Not available.

 

Ionicity (in Water): Not available.

 

Dispersion Properties: See solubility in water.

 

Solubility: Easily soluble in cold water.

 

Section 10: Stability and Reactivity Data

 

Stability: The product is stable.

 

Instability Temperature: Not available.

 

Conditions of Instability: Incompatible materials, moisture.

 

Incompatibility with various substances: Reactive with oxidizing agents, metals.

 

Corrosivity: Non-corrosive in presence of glass.

 

Special Remarks on Reactivity:

Very deliquescent.

Incompatible with cyanides, sulfides

 

Special Remarks on Corrosivity: Zinc Chloride fumes are corrosive to metals

 

Polymerization: Will not occur.

 

Section 11: Toxicological Information

 

Routes of Entry: Absorbed through skin. Dermal contact. Inhalation. Ingestion.

 

Toxicity to Animals: Acute oral toxicity (LD50): 329 mg/kg [Mouse].

 

Chronic Effects on Humans:

MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Classified POSSIBLE for human. Mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells. Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast.

May cause damage to the following organs: kidneys, pancreas.

 

Other Toxic Effects on Humans:

Very hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation.

Hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, permeator), of eye contact (corrosive).

 

Special Remarks on Toxicity to Animals: Lowest Published Lethal Dose[Rat] - Route: Inhalation; Dose: 1960 mg/m3/10M

 

Special Remarks on Chronic Effects on Humans:

May cause adverse reproductive effects (paternal effects, effects on fertility (post-implantation mortality, fetoxicity) and birth defects based on animal data.May cause cancer based on animal data. May affect genetic material.

Animal: passes through placental barrier, excreted in maternal milk.

 

Special Remarks on other Toxic Effects on Humans:

Acute Potential Health Effects:

Skin: Causes skin irritation with possible burns, especially if skin is wet or moist. May be absorbed by the skin.

Eyes: May cause severe irritation with posssible eye burns and irreversible eye injury. May cause corneal ulceration, and opacification, and glaucoma and severe iritis.

Eye or skin contact may result in mild, moderate, or severe irritation and burns depending on the concentration and duration of exposure.

Inhalation: May cause severe respiratory tract irritation, and may affect behavior. Symptoms may include sore throat, coughing, shortness of breath, dyspnea, chest tightness, headache, cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation of the blood), delayed lung edema, bronchial asthma . Inhalation of fumes may cause metal fume fever. It is characterized by flu-like symptoms (fever, chills, cough, muscle pain, weakness), chest pain.

Ingestion: Harmful if swallowed. May cause severe digestive tract irritation with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea abdominal pain, possible burns(corrosion and permanent tissue destruction) of the esophagus and digestive tract and perforation of the stomach and possible death. It may also affect behavior/Central nervous system (central nervous system depression), the urinary system (kidney damage - hematuria, oliguria, renal failure), cardiovascular system, respiration (dyspnea), metabolism, pancreas (elevated amylase, and glucose levels), liver enzymes, and blood (changes in white and red blood cell count, changes in serum composition). Zinc chloride is irritating or caustic depending on the concentration ingested.

Chronic Potential Health Effects:

Skin: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause defatting and dermatitis

 

Section 12: Ecological Information

 

Ecotoxicity: Not available.

 

BOD5 and COD: Not available.

 

Products of Biodegradation:

Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely. However, long term degradation products may arise.

 

Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation: The products of degradation are less toxic than the product itself.

 

Special Remarks on the Products of Biodegradation: Not available.

 

Section 13: Disposal Considerations

 

Waste Disposal:

Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental control regulations.

 

 

 



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