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ZINC CHLORIDE (Anhydrous)
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ZINC CHLORIDE

It contains zinc and chloride ions and exists in its nine crystalline forms which are either colorless or white. Also regarded as a water-soluble poisonous solid, It is used mainly as a wood preservative, a disinfectant, pharmaceutical catalyst and anti-septic.

Itreacts with Bases to make Zinc Hydroxide and forms acidic solutions in water and in polar organic solvents such as ethanol, acetone and ether. Neutral solutions can be prepared with anhydrous zinc chloride and acetone.

PRODUCTION

It can be made by reactingZinc with Hydrochloric Acid

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

  • Chemical Formula : ZnCl2
  • Description : White Crystalline
  • Molecular Formula : ZnCl2
  • Molecular Weight : 136.3
  • CAS Number : 7646-85-7
  • Melting Point: approximately 290 C
  • Specific gravity : 2.75
  • Dissolves in Water
  • Reacts with Bases to make Zinc Hydroxide
  • Synonyms : Zinc(II) chloride, Zinc dichloride, Butter of zinc

Synonyms : Zinc(II) chloride, Zinc dichloride, Butter of zinc

CAS No

7646-85-7

molecular Formula

ZnCl2

Molecular Weight

136.30

Description

White Crystalline

SPECIFICATION

Assay

98.0% MIN

*Also available Pure, Pharma passing, LR, AR and ACS Grade

it is

Synonyms : Zinc(II) chloride, Zinc dichloride, Butter of zinc

Assay

98.0% MIN

*Also available Pure, Pharma passing, LR, AR and ACS Grade

APPLICATIONS(Anhydrous)

  • it (Anhydrous) is used for maintaining the purity of water, especially drinking water.
  • (Anhydrous)it is used as an important element for the fast growth of plants. Crops are exposed to zinc solutions which are prepared by combining chelating agents with zinc chloride.
  • Widely used in dry cell batteries, it (Anhydrous) is recognized for as an effective electrolyte and moisture absorbent. Another reason is its ability to prevent corrosion.
  • it(Anhydrous) is used widely in fluxes for the purpose of tinning, galvanizing and soldering. It is capable of removing salts and oxides from surfaces of various metals.
  • It (Anhydrous) is used in the manufacture of Parchment Paper and Soldering Fluxes.
  • Used in the making of Chemicals, Textile Processing and the Electrolyte of Leclanche Cell
  • it (Anhydrous) is used for separation of oil from water as it is an emulsion breaker.
  • In biochemistry and molecular, Zinc Chloride (Anhydrous) is extensively used. In biology research, it (Anhydrous) is used as a source of zinc ion.
  • Used in oil and gas wells as a packer fluid due to its larger specific gravity. High-density solutions of zinc chloride give good performance in well completion and work-over operations.
  • it (Anhydrous) is used for its effectiveness in controlling growth of moss and lichen on house roofs, fences and other domestic places.
  • Widely used in treatment for pododermatitis and ulcers, it (Anhydrous) supplements are very beneficial for maintaining good health
  • Used in specialty corrosion inhibitors and invert emulsion breakers.
  • it (Anhydrous) acts as an accelerator in the process of vulcanization of rubber.
  • it (Anhydrous) is used as a mordant in dyeing and printing textiles.
  • Used as a floating agent in the process of ore refining
  • it is (Anhydrous) acts as moisture absorbent in Dry Cell Batteries for Ammonium chloride electrolyte and as corrosion retardant for Cathodic zinc casing

it is (Anhydrous) STORAGE AND HANDLING

  • Metal drums containing granular It (Anhydrous) should be stored, tightly closed, in a warm dry place, protected from direct sunlight.
  • Drums of zinc chloride solutions should be stored with the bung at the top to minimize leakage, and drums should never be emptied by air pressure.
  • Keep containers containing it is (Anhydrous) closed tightly and ensure adequate ventilation.
  • Exposure of the eyes and skin to Zinc Chloride (Anhydrous) can be minimized by wearing chemical safety goggles and rubber gloves. Additional protective equipment, such as transparent face shield, rubber gauntlets, rubber pants and jacket, and rubber shoes may be desirable where there is a high probability of contact with concentrated solutions of zinc chloride
  • Wash thoroughly after handling. It is (Anhydrous)

HEALTH HAZARDS

  • Avoid contact of it is (Anhydrous) with eyes, skin or clothing. Causes skin and eye burns. The principal hazard is to the eye since even brief contact with zinc chloride in water may produce permanent damage.
  • Swallowing it is (Anhydrous) is known to cause severe damage to the esophagus and pylorus often leading to death.
  • Avoid inhaling mist, dust and fumes while handling or using it is (Anhydrous)

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Material Safety Data Sheet

Zinc Chloride (Anhydrous)

 

Section 1: Chemical Product and Company Identification

 

Chemical Name: Zinc Chloride

 

CAS#: 7646-85-7

RTECS: ZH1400000

TSCA: TSCA 8(b) inventory: Zinc chloride

CI#: Not available.

Synonym:

Chemical Formula: ZnCl2

 

Contact Information:

 

Vishnupriya Chemicals Pvt. Ltd.

 

Office No. 7, Meridian apartments

Lake Hills Road, New MLA Quarters

Basheerbagh, Hyderabad 63,  A.P

Tel :  040 - 23225550

Fax : 040 23223177

Email : info@vishnupriya.in

Website : www.vishnupriya.in

 

Section 2: Composition and Information on Ingredients

 

Composition:

 

Name

CAS #

% by Weight

Zinc Chloride (Anhydrous)

7646-85-7

100

 

Toxicological Data on Ingredients:  Zinc chloride: ORAL (LD50): Acute: 350 mg/kg [Rat]. 329 mg/kg [Mouse].

 

Section 3: Hazards Identification

 

Potential Acute Health Effects:

Very hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, permeator), of eye contact (corrosive). The amount of tissue damage depends on length of contact. Eye contact can result in corneal damage or blindness. Skin contact can produce inflammation and blistering. Inhalation of dust will produce irritation to gastro-intestinal or respiratory tract, characterized by burning, sneezing and coughing. Severe over-exposure can produce lung damage, choking, unconsciousness or death. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering.

 

Potential Chronic Health Effects:

CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.

MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Classified POSSIBLE for human. Mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells. Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast.

TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.

DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available.

The substance may be toxic to kidneys, pancreas.

Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated exposure of the eyes to a low level of dust can produce eye irritation. Repeated skin exposure can produce local skin destruction, or dermatitis. Repeated inhalation of dust can produce varying degree of respiratory irritation or lung damage.

 

Section 4: First Aid Measures

 

Eye Contact:

Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Cold water may be used. Get medical attention immediately.

 

Skin Contact:

In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Cold water may be used.Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention immediately.

 

Serious Skin Contact:

Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-bacterial cream. Seek immediate medical attention.

 

Inhalation:

If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention.

 

Serious Inhalation:

Evacuate the victim to a safe area as soon as possible. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. WARNING: It may be hazardous to the person providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation when the inhaled material is toxic, infectious or corrosive. Seek immediate medical attention.

 

Ingestion:

Do NOT induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. If large quantities of this material are swallowed, call a physician immediately. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband.

 

Serious Ingestion: Not available.

 

Section 5: Fire and Explosion Data

 

Flammability of the Product: Non-flammable.

 

Auto-Ignition Temperature: Not applicable.

 

Flash Points: Not applicable.

 

Flammable Limits: Not applicable.

 

Products of Combustion: When heated to decomposition, it emits toxic fumes of Hydrochloric Acid, and Zinc Oxide.

 

Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: Not applicable.

 

Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:

Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available.

Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not available.

 

Fire Fighting Media and Instructions: Not applicable.

 

Special Remarks on Fire Hazards: Not available.

 

Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards: A mixture of potassium and zinc chloride produces a strong explosion on impact.

 

Section 6: Accidental Release Measures

 

Small Spill: Use appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container.

 

Large Spill:

Corrosive solid.

Stop leak if without risk. Do not get water inside container. Do not touch spilled material. Use water spray to reduce vapors. Prevent entry into sewers, basements or confined areas; dike if needed. Call for assistance on disposal. Be careful that the product is not present at a concentration level above TLV. Check TLV on the MSDS and with local authorities.

 

Section 7: Handling and Storage

 

Precautions:

Keep locked up.. Keep container dry. Do not ingest. Do not breathe dust. Never add water to this product. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents, metals.

 

Storage:

Deliquescent. Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area. Do not store above 25C (77F).

 

Section 8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

 

Engineering Controls:

Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to keep airborne levels below recommended exposure limits. If user operations generate dust, fume or mist, use ventilation to keep exposure to airborne contaminants below the exposure limit.

 

Personal Protection:

Splash goggles. Synthetic apron. Vapor and dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent. Gloves.

 

Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill:

Splash goggles. Full suit. Vapor and dust respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self contained breathing apparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product.

 

Exposure Limits:

TWA: 1 STEL: 2 (mg/m3) [United Kingdom (UK)]

TWA: 1 STEL: 2 (mg/m3) from ACGIH (TLV) [United States]

TWA: 1 STEL: 2 (mg/m3) from OSHA (PEL) [United States]Consult local authorities for acceptable exposure limits.

 

Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties

 

Physical state and appearance: Solid. (Deliquescent solid.)

 

Odor: Odorless.

 

Taste: Not available.

 

Molecular Weight: 136.29 g/mole

 

Color: White.

 

pH (1% soln/water): Not available.

 

Boiling Point: 732C (1349.6F)

 

Melting Point: 290C (554F)

 

Critical Temperature: Not available.

 

Specific Gravity: 2.907 (Water = 1)

 

Vapor Pressure: Not applicable.

 

Vapor Density: 4.7 (Air = 1)

 

Volatility: Not available.

 

Odor Threshold: Not available.

 

Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.: Not available.

 

Ionicity (in Water): Not available.

 

Dispersion Properties: See solubility in water.

 

Solubility: Easily soluble in cold water.

 

Section 10: Stability and Reactivity Data

 

Stability: The product is stable.

 

Instability Temperature: Not available.

 

Conditions of Instability: Incompatible materials, moisture.

 

Incompatibility with various substances: Reactive with oxidizing agents, metals.

 

Corrosivity: Non-corrosive in presence of glass.

 

Special Remarks on Reactivity:

Very deliquescent.

Incompatible with cyanides, sulfides

 

Special Remarks on Corrosivity: Zinc Chloride fumes are corrosive to metals

 

Polymerization: Will not occur.

 

Section 11: Toxicological Information

 

Routes of Entry: Absorbed through skin. Dermal contact. Inhalation. Ingestion.

 

Toxicity to Animals: Acute oral toxicity (LD50): 329 mg/kg [Mouse].

 

Chronic Effects on Humans:

MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Classified POSSIBLE for human. Mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells. Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast.

May cause damage to the following organs: kidneys, pancreas.

 

Other Toxic Effects on Humans:

Very hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation.

Hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, permeator), of eye contact (corrosive).

 

Special Remarks on Toxicity to Animals: Lowest Published Lethal Dose[Rat] - Route: Inhalation; Dose: 1960 mg/m3/10M

 

Special Remarks on Chronic Effects on Humans:

May cause adverse reproductive effects (paternal effects, effects on fertility (post-implantation mortality, fetoxicity) and birth defects based on animal data.May cause cancer based on animal data. May affect genetic material.

Animal: passes through placental barrier, excreted in maternal milk.

 

Special Remarks on other Toxic Effects on Humans:

Acute Potential Health Effects:

Skin: Causes skin irritation with possible burns, especially if skin is wet or moist. May be absorbed by the skin.

Eyes: May cause severe irritation with posssible eye burns and irreversible eye injury. May cause corneal ulceration, and opacification, and glaucoma and severe iritis.

Eye or skin contact may result in mild, moderate, or severe irritation and burns depending on the concentration and duration of exposure.

Inhalation: May cause severe respiratory tract irritation, and may affect behavior. Symptoms may include sore throat, coughing, shortness of breath, dyspnea, chest tightness, headache, cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation of the blood), delayed lung edema, bronchial asthma . Inhalation of fumes may cause metal fume fever. It is characterized by flu-like symptoms (fever, chills, cough, muscle pain, weakness), chest pain.

Ingestion: Harmful if swallowed. May cause severe digestive tract irritation with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea abdominal pain, possible burns(corrosion and permanent tissue destruction) of the esophagus and digestive tract and perforation of the stomach and possible death. It may also affect behavior/Central nervous system (central nervous system depression), the urinary system (kidney damage - hematuria, oliguria, renal failure), cardiovascular system, respiration (dyspnea), metabolism, pancreas (elevated amylase, and glucose levels), liver enzymes, and blood (changes in white and red blood cell count, changes in serum composition). Zinc chloride is irritating or caustic depending on the concentration ingested.

Chronic Potential Health Effects:

Skin: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause defatting and dermatitis

 

Section 12: Ecological Information

 

Ecotoxicity: Not available.

 

BOD5 and COD: Not available.

 

Products of Biodegradation:

Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely. However, long term degradation products may arise.

 

Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation: The products of degradation are less toxic than the product itself.

 

Special Remarks on the Products of Biodegradation: Not available.

 

Section 13: Disposal Considerations

 

Waste Disposal:

Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental control regulations.

 

 

 



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